Choosing the right piece, embellishing the melody, creating independent lines; inverting, echoing, free form, and antiphonal responses.
Melodic ornamentation. Notes of departure are notes that lead away from melody notes, also called escape notes. Kinds of escape notes: stepwise, gapped, zigzag, curved, ascending, descending
This chapter focuses on the process of integrating jazz encirclings and countryhammers—that is, melodic embellishments—into your improvising style. We use the broader term “encirclings” to include what former theorists called “changing tones” or “incomplete neighbors.” Encirclings can surround the root, third, or fifth of major or minor chords.